Gynecomastia causes in adults is multifactorial. The term Gynecomastia was coined from the Greek language meaning woman’s breast and it is a term that is generally used to indicate the abnormal and unnatural over-development of the mammary glands of the male gender.
Gynecomastia can occur to the neonates due to female hormones passed on from of the mother during breastfeeding. These are at this stage naturally hightened to stimulate milk production. In case of adults and adolescences Gynecomastia is associated with metabolic disorders. Can you say lifestyle influences?
Gynecomastia can be a genuine source of distress during the adolescence stage. If Gynecomastia occurs due to obesity it is likely to shrink down once the extra weight dissaperars. The ideal age of the shedding of the extra kilos is between 16 and 18.
Gynecomastia occurs due to the imbalance of the androgen and estrogen hormones.The secretion of estrogen (female hormone) becomes more compared to that of androgen (male hormone) .The main imbalance is between the inhibitory effects of the androgen and the stimulatory effects of the estrogen.
The causes of Gynecomastia can either be pathological or physiological. The physiologic Gynecomastia is visible in newborn babies, adolescents and among the elderly citizens.
One of the prime causes of Gynecomastia is the increase in the aromatization of the male hormone testosterone to the female hormone estradiol and also due to the gradual reduction of the production of the testosterone hormone itself.
The production of the testosterone mostly occurs in aging testes thus resulting in Gynecomastia. Gynecomastia occurs in older men primarily due to the age factor and intake of drugs, which tends to increase with age as well.
The hyperprolactinemia can rarely be the cause for Gynecomastia. The hyperprolactinemia may be the cause of Gynecomastia if it effects the hypothalamus and causes central hypogonadism.
The Prolactin is also known to reduce the androgen receptors, thus increasing the progesterone and estrogen receptors in the breast cancer cells.
This may be one of the prime cause of Gynecomastia . Prolaction plays a vital role in stimulating the production of breast milk in the breast tissues . However they do not have any role in the cause of gynecomastia.
Male Gynecomastia Causes
Some of the common causes of male Gynecomastia are discussed below:
Gynocomastia can be caused from the following medical conditions:
diseases affecting liver, testicular complications and problems, tumors, leprosy, renal failure, leukemia, genetic disorders and many more.
Some of the drugs that can be the cause of Gynecomastia are those prescribed for tricyclic antidepressants, anti-cancer drugs, and ketoconazole and peptic ulcers.
The intake of steroids and marijuana can also lead to gynocomastia . Sometimes the medicines recommended for the decreasing the blood pressure may also play a role in increasing the level of estrogen thus causing gynocomastia. The other drugs that can cause gynocomastia are the ergotamine, reserpin, ranitidine and phenytoin
Gynocomastia is common among male having the XXY chromosome .This particular combination may result in the production of excessive female hormones.
Gynocomastia may also result from alcoholism, obesity, spinal cord injury, psychological stress etc. It is important to identify the real cause of gynocomastia.
As this will help the medical practitioner to treat his/her patients. According to the recent researches and studies it has been found out that continuous use of products containing lavender and tea tree oil and some other unknown ingredients can be the cause of gynocomastia. The reason being the ingredients initiate the antiandrogenic and estronic activities.
Unilateral gynecomastia Causes
The asymmetry of mammary glands is a typical condition when both the breasts are unequal in size. The Unilateral gynecomastia is a condition where one breast is bigger than the other.
The Unilateral gynecomastia is a condition where one breast is normal and the other is bigger due to gynocomastia. Unilateral gynocomastia is a normal condition.
However, they become more prominent when the difference between the two breasts becomes significant. Individual suffering from unilateral gynocomastia tends to suffer from extreme depression and psychological disorder.
The unilateral gyncomastia can become the greatest obstacle during personal moments It is a fact that individual suffering from unilateral gynocmastia mostly suffer from low self esteem.
In case of unilateral gynocomastia only one breast gets enlarged . The may be one of the main unilateral gynocomastia causes is the elastic nature of our skin.
The other cause of unilateral gynocomastia is the presence of excessive fat or the granular tissue stored in male breast. Apart from the two mentioned causes, the common causes of unilateral gynocomastia and gynocomastia is more or less similar.
Klinefelter’s syndrome or the Klinefelter syndrome is better known as the XXY syndrome. The Klinefelter syndrome is a genetical disorder, prominent in male gender. In this type of disorder an extra X chromosome can be identified in the normal male karyotype. In other word, there are 47 chromosomes in place of 46 chromosomes.
The failure of the testicular is the common cause of Klinefelter syndrome, In this kind of situation the production testosterone declines over the ages The individual with klinefelter’s syndrome is susceptible to pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis.
The other common effect of Klinefelter’s syndrome includes reduced fertility and hypogonadism. Apart from that there are other visible effects like speech, behavioural and physical phenotypes due to Klinefelter’s syndrome.
Gynecomastia can be treated effectively the natural way. There are cases however, that will recquire gynecomastia surgery. Each case is treated according to its merits and this is best discussed with a medical expert, like a surgeon that is familiar with gynecomastia surgical procedures.
Two factors that will be key to the decision-making process concerning surgery are 1) the gynecomastia symptoms a person displace and their severity and 2) gynecomastia surgery cost.
The second consideration may ultimately be what helps the affected individual decide whether to go under the knife, or the natural route, which will comprise proper dieting and gynecomastia exercises. These exercises will comprise primarily of exercise that concentrate on the chest, to try and rid as much chest fat as possible. Once again, treatment will largely depend on the gynecomastia causes.